Designing an Open Plan Kitchen / Dining / Living Space


Open plan living is great way of bringing the family together. As our lives get ever busier, open plan living allows family members to do different activities, whilst still being able to socialise with each other. Providing  informal seating and dining areas connected to the kitchen really helps to provide a space that becomes the heart of the home.

See the 'Big Picture'

To begin with, try to picture the overall space you will end up with. Avoid over focusing on existing wall positions or the current locations of the kitchen, dining and living rooms.

Although it is important to be cost conscious, try not to over compromise at this stage. For example, avoid thinking the current kitchen position is fixed, simply because of the existing drainage location.

Look at other project examples and keep a folder / pinterest board of the images you like.  An architect can help you visualise the space you will have by producing sketches and 3D perspectives together with floor plan layouts. Part of the skill of the architect at this early stage is to push your preconceptions of what is possible.


Ensure you maximise the natural daylight that your open living space receives. This can make the single biggest difference in creating a bright, open and welcoming heart of your home.

Techniques for maximising natural lighting and feeling of openness:

  • Use large slim aluminium framed glazed patio doors. Have fewer door panels to reduce the amount of frame. The slimmer framed doors can be more expensive, but worth every penny.
  • Include rooflights where possible, particularly for side infill extensions. Standard sized rooflights can be used to minimise costs if required.
  • Ensure tall kitchen units are located away from natural light sources (use low level kitchen units under rooflights).
  • Avoid centrally located hob extractors, above kitchen islands
  • Install steel beams within the floor above, rather than creating downstands, which break up the space and block natural light.


Consider which elements you feel require the best natural lighting. A dining table can work well under a rooflight but a TV could receive glare if positioned too close to a South facing window. Use the pockets of natural lighting as an initial guide to locate your zones of cooking, eating and living.

If you extend your property to the rear and particularly if you live in a Victorian terraced house, you are likely to create spaces in the centre of the house with little or no natural daylight. Use these darker spaces for functional uses such as:

  • Utility / Laundry Room - Clutter can be shut away in these storage areas, away from the open plan living space, maintaining the 'wow factor' of the new space.
  • Coats / shoes cupboard
  • Guest  WC
  • A small snug / TV room also works well in these spaces, providing an 'escape' from the open plan living area. Useful, in particular for older children who need their own space away from their bedrooms.


Views / Garden

Consider the best location for views into your garden from the kitchen, dining table and sofas. What function best suits a good connection with your garden?

Distinguish your Zones

Whilst consistency is key, it is important you distinguish each of the zones of your open plan space. Techniques to achieve this include:

  • Use a rug to delineate the internal seating space within the overall open plan area, whilst providing a more comfortable finish underfoot.
  • Use feature pendant lights above the kitchen island or dining table.
  • A low single pendant above a coffee table between two chairs can be a great way of helping to identify a seating zone.
  • Align your kitchen units with your kitchen island, creating a clear line where kitchen stops and living begins. (A single floor finish throughout will help retain the flow between th spaces).
  • A rooflight over a zone is another way of defining an area.
  • A feature wall, whether it is a panelled, wallpapered or a brick feature wall. Ensure the colour, texture or material is used in small pockets elsewhere to retain that all important cohesion between the zones.



Provide spaces that feel informal. This allows people to feel comfortable carrying out all sorts of activities across the 'zones' of the open plan space. This in turn helps to maximise flexibility.

  1. Methods to achieve this informality include:
  2. Kitchen Island with stools for informal dining / seating
  3. Consider a bench against a wall as informal seating for your dining table
  4. Use single comfy chairs and a coffee table for a flexible and informal living space


Interior Design - Consistency

Be consistent across your zones with your interior design. The easiest way to achieve this is to use one floor finish throughout, such as a large format tile or an engineered wood flooring. Go one step further and run the floor finish externally.

Stick to three tones / materials for your fixed elements in your open plan living space to retain consistency. For example:

  • pale tiled floor finish and pale quartz kitchen top
  • anthracite kitchen units, lantern and bi-fold doors
  • oak internal doors, kitchen island top and dining table

Artificial Lighting

Ensure each light within your open plan space has a specific function. Avoid the 'landing strip' effect of installing rows of needless downlights. Instead, try to create a hierarchy of light sources:

1. Task Lighting: Downlights and in some cases pendants, used to light raised surfaces such as kitchen work tops and dining tables - areas where you need good targeted lighting.

2. Wall Lighting: Light bounces well off walls (floors tend to be too far away from the source) which helps to create a bright room. Make sure downlights are positioned within 300mm from walls, so that light can reflect off them. Go further and use adjustable downlights, which can be tilted to focus light against walls.

3. Accent / Supplementary Lighting: This includes lamps, small wall hung lights and accent lighting within joinery for example. Use adjustable downlights to highlight ornaments or artwork. This lighting will help to develop the layers of light sources, providing the all important hierarchy of lighting. Remember to make sure each light has a specific


  1. Maximise natural daylight and use dark areas for storage / guest WC / utility spaces
  2. Be consistent with your finishes across your open living space
  3. Distinguish your zones for kitchen / living / dining


Whilst these tips can show you how to reach your goal of creating a great open plan living space, an architect can work with you from the start, to help you realise your aims for your home.

More Advice

How Long Does Planning Permission Take?


Selecting a builder for works to your home


Can You Build An Extension Without Planning Permission?